The first ever garden villages, which have the potential to deliver more than 48,000 homes across England, have been given government backing. What exactly is a garden city and what does it mean for the housing industry? Housing Association Magazine investigates:
What is a garden village?
Garden villages are developments that are designed to be self-contained communities made up of around 1,500 to 10,000 homes. They include all of their own facilities – such as shops, schools and public transport, as well as lush green spaces and room to breathe.
Garden villages, towns and cities originated in the late 19th century. Ebenezer Howard designed them to be a healthier and greener alternative to the slums of big cities such as London and Birmingham.
Where are they going to be built?
The majority of garden villages and garden towns are expected to be built on previously-developed brownfield sites – and not use green belt land.
The 14 new garden villages that have been backed by the government – from Devon to Derbyshire, Cornwall to Cumbria – will have access to a £6 million fund over the next 2 financial years to support the delivery of these new projects.
The full list of locations set to receive new garden villages are as follows:
- Long Marston in Stratford-on-Avon
- Oxfordshire Cotswold in West Oxfordshire
- Deenethorpe in East Northants
- Culm in Mid Devon
- Welborne near Fareham in Hampshire
- West Carclaze in Cornwall
- Dunton Hills near Brentwood, Essex
- Spitalgate Heath in South Kesteven, Lincolnshire
- Halsnead in Knowsley, Merseyside
- Longcross in Runnymede and Surrey Heath
- Bailrigg in Lancaster
- Infinity Garden Village in South Derbyshire and Derby City area
- St Cuthberts near Carlisle City, Cumbria
- North Cheshire in Cheshire East
The 3 new garden towns will be located in:
- Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire
- Taunton, Somerset
- Harlow & Gilston, Essex and Hertfordshire
How will it help tackle the housing crisis?
The ambitious scheme is designed to tackle the housing crisis by easing pressure on the UK's existing towns and cities.
Housing minister Gavin Barwell said: "Locally-led garden towns and villages have enormous potential to deliver the homes that communities need.
"New communities not only deliver homes, they also bring new jobs and facilities and a big boost to local economies."